Dry, rough skin in winter? A dermatologist reveals the best skin care tips

It itches, tenses, looks pale and is brittle: Our skin suffers in the cold season. The good news: the right cream can do a lot. Dermatologist Jörg Faulhaber explains how we can maintain our skin healthy again.

Why is the skin so stressed in winter?

The skin’s natural, protective grease film is fed by millions of small oil glands. With falling temperatures, these glands produce less and less skin fat. In extreme cold, this fat production can even be stopped completely. In this way, a major component of the natural skin protection coat is lost. Since the fat film of the skin is missing, the water evaporates faster from the skin surface. The dry heating air also extracts important moisture from our skin. The skin dries out, itches, tightens and small cracks can appear. The constant alternation between warmth inside and cold supports this process – winter is pure stress for our skin!

Why are many people so pale in winter?

Under the influence of cold, the blood vessels under the skin contract. The body ensures that the heat is kept inside the body. However, this also reduces the blood supply to the skin. It looks pale because it reaches less oxygen and nutrients.

How can I treat dry spots on my face?

Sensitive, dehydrated skin needs intensive and long-lasting hydration. Optimal care strengthens the skin’s resistance and supports the skin’s own protective barrier. It has to glide smoothly over the skin and immediately create a pleasant feeling of wellbeing. Basically, it is important to pay attention to the individual needs of the skin – this applies both to the choice of face care and the right dosage. The skin should be in the morning and evening after cleansing provided with the necessary care .

What do you mean by “required care”?

A good recommendation is a “pea size”. If the skin of the face needs more care, it is advisable to apply cream more often with small amounts than to overwhelm the skin with a large amount. An excessive amount of cream cannot be optimally absorbed by the skin and can bring it out of physiological balance. It may react with impurities.

What can I do if the skin tears open in winter?

Lipid-rich creams on a water-in-oil basis help against dry skin. They form a thin layer of insulation and protection on the skin, keep the cold out during a walk and prevent the moisture in the skin from evaporating excessively. The urea urea is absorbed into the skin and binds water. On the other hand, for people with oily or acne-prone skin, it is advisable to stick to the usual care products even in winter. New products may promote the formation of sebum.

Which products are recommended for preventive care – for lips and hands, for example? Interview with an expert

The skin on the back of the hand and face is particularly stressed in winter. On the face, the lips and the pinna are most affected. For preventive care of the skin, I recommend creams containing urea and glycerin. A moisturizing cream that is applied before going to bed helps against dry hands. Then keep on cotton gloves and leave on overnight. Care products based on beeswax are recommended in the lip region.

What am I doing wrong if my hands only feel drier after applying lotion?

In this case, I would advise changing the care cream. It can make sense to use a cream without emulsifiers, parabens (preservatives) and fragrances.

What do I have to consider when cleaning – showering or washing my hands? Maybe I better leave out the soap, because it washes fat out of my skin after all?

Do not leave out entirely, instead use a pH-neutral soap or products with a pH of 5.5. For the hands there are also moisturizing hand washing oils. 

When should I go to the dermatologist?

With eczema. Or if the skin becomes inflamed and tears. 

Do you have any skin care tips? that you use yourself to get through the winter well?

I clean my skin particularly mildly in the cold season because washing-active substances and surfactants also rob the skin of valuable fats. That means: I avoid bubble baths and rather add nourishing additives like almond oil to the bath water. In the shower I use shower oils and do not shower too long and not too hot. After showering, I apply main care creams. I also try to keep an eye on my diet.

Why this?

Because we can support skin health through our diet. Plant dyes such as carotenoids (particularly rich in carrots and tomatoes), polyphenols (for example in green tea) and flavonoids and vitamins are good. I generally recommend a Mediterranean diet with high levels of polyunsaturated fatty acids. The basic principle is: nutrients that protect the heart and circulation are usually also good for the skin.


Five skin care tips that teenagers should stick to

Stress at school, cute boys that turn your head, violent mood swings and annoying parents who want something from you all the time – phew the teenage years are at least as strenuous as exciting and as if that weren’t enough, the beauty plays too still crazy. Thanks to the hormones!

In addition to smelly T-shirts and sudden hairs that sprout everywhere, most adolescents have problems with their skin : shining pimples on the forehead, nose and chin encounter a shiny all-over grease film (hormones stimulate sebum production 😡), which is anything but Looks like Instagram. But don’t worry – with the right care tips you can get a good grip on skin problems and prevent impurities.

Five skin care tips that teenagers should stick to 1

These are the best care tips for teenagers

1. Clean face

What is thoughtlessly part of the daily care routine for women is completely new for teenagers – but should also urgently be part of the beauty program. Of course we are talking about cleaning the face or “ cleansing ” as it is so beautifully called in English. This step is also important if you are not yet wearing make-up, because cleansing milk and the like rid the skin of dirt and excess sebum, inhibit bacterial growth and refine coarse pores. Important: Please do not use cleaning wipes because they only spread the bacteria over the face.

Shopping tip:  Pay attention to the mildest possible products that do not contain perfumes and are free of oils. In addition, antibacterial agents score points that fight pimples. Our favorite: micelle water!

2. Don’t forget facial toner

After the cleansing ritual, Teeanger with impure skin should also use a clarifying facial toner. This is simply applied to a cotton pad and gently rubbed over the face.

Shopping tip: Salicylic acid is the go-to ingredient for blemished skin because it has an antibacterial effect and helps prevent pimples.

3. Match skin cream to skin type

Every skin is different – while some struggle with rough spots and dryness, others tend to have oily skin and pimples. Therefore, your daily cream must be tailored to your personal needs. Dry skin should rely on moisturizing creams, for example, while blemished skin needs oil-free, mattifying, yet moisturizing care.

4. Additional care

Skin care tips Fine-grained peels remove excess sebum as well as skin flakes and skin gloss once or twice a week. (Warning: peels should never be rubbed over open, inflamed pimples!) Clear-up strips or anti-pimple patches also keep the T-zone clean and refine the pores

Extra tip:  If you tend to sensitive skin , you should put on a moisturizing, soothing mask once or twice a week.

5 . Do not exaggerate

Cleansing milk, facial tonic, day cream, peeling – more is not necessary for young skin and also makes no sense at all. Those who take care of the skin mess up the natural protective layer, which can lead to even more impurities. Many different care substances also irritate the skin and promote inflammation. Less is more for teenagers – choosing the right products with good ingredients doesn’t need more than four to five products.

Skin Care Tips For Winter

Skin care tips in winter can be tricky; the cold, dry air can leave your skin prickly, red and irritated. So you have to fight constantly to have healthy and natural skin. Fight dry skin in winter with these tips to keep your skin naturally hydrated.

Skin Care Tips For Winter 2
Healthy skin in winter

Winter can wreak havoc on your skin, making it dry, irritated and irritated. And it may seem that there is no way to escape: cold weather conditions and outside gusts of wind can give your skin a feeling of flood, while the internal heat retains the humidity of the air and your skin.

Even things that make winter wonderful, like sitting by a fire, can dry out your skin , as the American Academy of Dermatology (AAD) notes.

And while taking a hot shower may seem like a good way to warm up, hot water dries your skin by stripping it of its natural oils.

However, there are many simple ways to combat the causes of dry skin in the winter and keep your skin moist and supple all season, including some easy changes to your daily routine. For example, after taking a not-too-hot shower, “wipe the skin and apply a thick moisturizer within minutes of bathing to seal the water in the skin,” says Audrey Stein, dermatologist.

Here are some other tips to keep in mind when it comes to effective winter skin care, so that you can feel your best throughout the winter . The 10 best skin care tips for healthy skin in winter.

1. Invest in a humidifier to maximize humidity
Using a humidifier at home or in the office will add moisture to dry winter air and help keep your skin hydrated . Operate a humidifier in the rooms where you spend the most time, including your bedroom.

2. Lower the thermostat to avoid dryness
When it’s cold outside, what is the first thing to do? Increase the heat! But central heat can make your home air even drier. Try to set the thermostat to a temperature that is both cool and comfortable to maintain healthy skin .

3. Have healthy skin in winter: Limit shower time and temperature
It can be tempting to take a long steamy shower, but your skin will be much better served with a lukewarm shower (or bath) for 5-10 minutes , as suggested by the DAA. You should also avoid using very hot water when washing your hands – if the water causes redness of the skin, it is too hot. Washing your hands with cooler water appears to be as effective at removing germs as warm water and is less irritating to the skin, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. And if you are using a forced air hand dryer, use it until your hands are wet rather than perfectly dry.

4. Opt for mild, fragrance-free cleaners
Bad soap can make itching and dry skin worse. For example, regular soap bars may contain irritating ingredients and fragrances . Instead, wash it with a moisturizing, fragrance-free cleanser or gel. (And look for products specifically labeled “fragrance-free, because” unscented “products may actually contain fragrances.) You can also prevent winter skin problems by using less soap in general, so limit your foam to areas such as your hands, armpits, genitals and feet.

5. Change your facial skin care regimen for the season When your skin is dry and irritated, the AAD recommends that you stop using products containing alcohol and perfumes to help the skin retain its natural oils. At night, use a richer moisturizer on your face. And don’t forget your lips. Applying a moisturizing balm (such as petroleum jelly or another ointment) can help heal dry, cracked lips and keep them from cracking, according to the DPA. If, however, your lip product causes a tingling or tingling sensation, try changing the product.

6. Have healthy skin in winter: Moisturize frequently, especially your hands
Maintain healthy skin by moisturizing it after washing. “It is best to use a cream or ointment in winter. Lotions work best in hot, humid climates. And don’t forget your hands, ”says Dr. Stein Gold. It is essential to wash your hands, as the CDC points out, particularly as Stein Gold points out, “By washing constantly, your hands will hurt.” ” Stein Gold adds that applying a hand cream after each wash can help. She also recommends wearing waterproof gloves when washing dishes or doing housework.

7. Apply sun-screen even on mild winter days
On mild winter days, snow reflects the sun’s rays – up to 80%, according to the Skin Cancer Foundation – thus increasing the risk of exposure. This means whether you are on the slopes, playing in the snow or walking in a parking lot for a run, it is just as important to apply sunscreen during the harsh winter as summer. Having healthy skin in winter means protecting yourself. And don’t be fooled by the dark and sad days of winter. The harmful UV rays of the sun can penetrate the clouds while causing damage. Before going out, apply a broad spectrum moisturizing sunscreen with an SPF of 15 or higher on all exposed areas of your body.

8. Wear appropriate, comfortable and non-irritating clothing
Many cold weather fabrics can make dry skin worse in winter.”Keep fleece and unpleasant apparel from straightforwardly contacting your skin, “It can irritate dry skin and itch. Having healthy skin in winter is not only necessary for aesthetics. Instead, wear light layers made of soft, breathable materials directly on your skin, then put on your heavier and warmer sweaters. Protect your hands from the winter cold with gloves or mittens, choosing a pair that will not irritate your skin. If you prefer woolen gloves, put on cotton or silk linings first.

9. Have healthy skin in winter Remember to eat well and stay hydrated. “Sometimes when the skin is very dry, foods or supplements containing omega-3 or omega-6 fatty acids, such as fish oil and flaxseed oil, can help,” says Barbara Rollin, dermatologist in private practice. “In most cases, however, it is important to help the skin hydrate from the outside. ”

10. Change wet clothes quickly to avoid itching
Wearing wet shoes and clothing can further irritate your skin and cause itching. If gloves, socks and pants are wet, be sure to remove them as soon as possible. If you still experience dryness, discomfort, and irritation after trying these healthy skin tips, Stein Gold suggests using a non-prescription 1% hydrocortisone cream. You may need a prescription moisturizer to counter the drying effects of winter on your skin.